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Consultation Workbook on the addition of the Atlantic salmon (Lake Ontario population), Rainbow mussel, Mapleleaf mussel (Saskatchewan-Nelson population) and Mapleleaf mussel (Great Lakes-Western St. Lawrence population) to the SARA List
Please send your comments on this consultation to Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Central and Arctic Region at:
Or by regular mail comments should be sent to the following address:
Central and Arctic Region
Fisheries & Oceans Canada
501 University Avenue
To request additional copies of the workbook, please call 1-866-538-1609.
For more information on the Species at Risk Act, please visit the Public Registry at
For more information on species at risk, please visit the Fisheries & Oceans Canada aquatic Species at Risk website:
Environment Canada’s Species at Risk website:
Information on species at risk is also available on the website of the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC):
Atlantic salmon – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services
Rainbow mussel– Philip McColl, Graphics Arts Section, National Water Research Institute
Mapleleaf mussel- Philip McColl, Graphics Arts Section, National Water Research Institute
The Species at Risk Act (SARA) was proclaimed on June 5, 2003, by the Government of Canada. SARA provides a framework for actions across Canada to promote the survival of wildlife species and the protection of our natural heritage. It sets out how to decide which species are a priority for action and what to do to protect a species. It identifies ways governments, organizations and individuals can work together, and it establishes penalties for failures to obey the law.
Two federal Ministers are responsible for the administration of SARA. The Minister of Fisheries and Oceans is the competent Minister for aquatic species. The Minister of the Environment is the competent Minister for all other species at risk, including those found in national parks, national historic sites and other protected heritage areas. The Minister of the Environment is also responsible for the overall administration of the Act.
The Act protects the plants and animals included on a list within SARA (Schedule 1). Schedule 1 is also referred to as the List of Wildlife Species at Risk and will be referred to as the SARA List in the rest of this workbook. Candidate species are proposed for addition to the SARA List as a result of the work of the scientists and conservationists who are members of the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). They conduct scientific assessments of the status of species. Community and Aboriginal traditional knowledge are also included in species assessments when available. The Government then decides which species are added to the SARA List as such action could have economic or social implications.
233 species were included on the SARA List of the Act when Parliament passed SARA in December 2002. COSEWIC had already assessed these species as “at risk” using new updated assessment criteria and current information. When the Act came into force in June 2003, these species were on the initial SARA List.
Since then, COSEWIC has identified more species that are at risk. The Minister of Environment is now considering recommending those species for addition to the SARA List. As part of that process, the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans is currently carrying out public consultations on the Atlantic salmon (Lake Ontario population), Rainbow mussel, and Mapleleaf mussel (Great Lakes-Western St. Lawrence population) in Ontario and the Mapleleaf mussel (Saskatchewan-Nelson population) in Manitoba. The purpose of this consultation workbook is to invite Canadians to let us know whether these populations should be added to the SARA List as a species of Special Concern.
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