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Canadian Species at Risk
- Summary Tables
- COSEWIC Assessment Results
- Table 6 : Extinct
- Table 7: Extirpated
- Table 7: Endangered (Mammals to Birds)
- Table 7: Endangered (Reptiles to Molluscs)
- Table 7: Endangered (Vascular Plants to Lichens)
- Table 7: Threatened
- Table 7: Special Concern (Mammals to Amphibians)
- Table 7: Special Concern (Fishes to Lichens)
- Table 8: Not at Risk (Mammals to Birds)
- Table 8: Not at Risk (Reptiles to Vascular Plants)
- Table 9: Data Deficient
- Record of status reassessments: A to D
- Record of status reassessments: E to K
- Record of status reassessments: L to R
- Record of status reassessments: S to Z
- Names previously used by COSEWIC: A to P
- Names previously used by COSEWIC: Q à Z
- COSEWIC members
Canadian Species at Risk
For additional copies contact:
c/o Canadian Wildlife Service
Tel.: (819) 997-4991 / (819) 953-3215
Fax: (819) 994-3684
Web site: http://www.cosewic.gc.ca
Place Vincent Massey,
351 St. Joseph Blvd.,
Cover Illustration: Williamson's Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus thyroideus, designated Endangered by COSEWIC in May 2005. Illustration by Judie Shore, Richmond Hill, Ontario.
This publication is printed once per year, after the spring COSEWIC meeting. The website version of this document (www.cosewic.gc.ca/eng/sct0/rpt/rpt_csar_e.cfm) includes minor revisions to COSEWIC information and updates to the Legal Listing field (SARA). This publication can be cited as follows: COSEWIC. 2005. Canadian Species at Risk. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. 64 pp.
COSEWIC Status Reports are available from the Species at Risk Act Public Registry http://www.sararegistry.gc.ca
The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) assesses the national status of wild species, subspecies, varieties, or other designatable units that are considered to be at risk in Canada. Designations are made on native species including the following taxonomic groups: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, arthropods, molluscs, vascular plants, mosses, and lichens.
COSEWIC comprises members from each provincial and territorial government wildlife agency, four federal agencies (Canadian Wildlife Service, Parks Canada Agency, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, and the Federal Biodiversity Information Partnership, chaired by the Canadian Museum of Nature), three members at large and the co-chairs of the species specialist and the Aboriginal Traditional Knowledge subcommittees. The Committee meets to consider status reports on candidate species.
The following definitions were reviewed by COSEWIC in May 2004:
- Wildlife Species
- A species, subspecies, variety, or geographically or genetically distinct population of animal, plant or other organism, other than a bacterium or virus, that is wild by nature and it is either native to Canada or has extended its range into Canada without human intervention and has been present in Canada for at least 50 years.
- Extinct (X)
- A wildlife species that no longer exists.
- Extirpated (XT)
- A wildlife species no longer existing in the wild in Canada, but occurring elsewhere.
- Endangered (E)
- A wildlife species facing imminent extirpation or extinction.
- Threatened (T)
- >A wildlife species likely to become endangered if limiting factors are not reversed.
- Special Concern (SC)*
- A wildlife species that may become a threatened or an endangered species because of a combination of biological characteristics and identified threats.
- Not at Risk (NAR)**
- A wildlife species that has been evaluated and found to be not at risk of extinction given the current circumstances.
- Data Deficient (DD)***
- A wildlife species for which there is inadequate information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction.
|*||Formerly described as "Vulnerable" from 1990 to 1999, or "Rare" prior to 1990.|
|**||Formerly described as "Not In Any Category", or "No Designation Required."|
|***||Formerly described as "Indeterminate" from 1994 to 1999 or "ISIBD" (insufficient scientific information on which to base a designation) prior to 1994.|
- Date Modified: