Crooked-stem Aster (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides) is a perennial wildflower up to 90 cm tall with pale blue flower heads and zigzagging stems. The leaves become narrowed in the lower third but expand at the base to clasp the stem. The species grows in colonies, with multiple stems arising from creeping rhizomes (horizontal underground stems). Each flower head consists of a yellow disc, surrounded by 17 to 30, pale blue rays. Canadian populations of Crooked-stem Aster occur in the Carolinian Forest Region at the northern limit of the species’ range. They may be genetically isolated from other populations and have unique adaptations that contribute to their significance for conservation. (Updated 2017/02/27)
Crooked-stem Aster occurs in Ontario and in the U.S. in 20 states from New York to Tennessee and west to Wisconsin. It is most common in the Appalachian region through western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. In Canada, the species is distributed along the north shore of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, mainly in Elgin County. A Middlesex County population is apparently extirpated. Less than 1% of the global range is in Canada. (Updated 2017/02/27)
Crooked-stem Aster is found on the floodplains of streams and creeks draining into the north shore of Lake Erie. It tends to occur in rich sandy, loamy, or clayey soil, commonly at the edge of woods and usually in partial to full shade. These stands often have a dense layer of graminoids, goldenrods and asters. The species occurs less commonly on roadsides and in old fields. In the U.S., Crooked-stem Aster inhabits moist woods, rocky stream banks, wet fields, and ditches. It often occurs in fairly young or disturbed forest habitat in Wisconsin and Iowa. (Updated 2017/02/27)
Crooked-stem Aster reproduces both by seed and vegetatively, by means of its elongated rhizomes. In southwestern Ontario, it blooms from late August to early October. Crosses between genetically identical individuals (clones) typically produce little or no seed, indicating that the species is self-incompatible. (Updated 2017/02/27)
Invasive species are probably the greatest threat facing Canadian populations of Crooked-stem Aster, although their impact appears to be limited to date. Invasive species in and near Crooked-stem Aster habitat include Common Reed, Glossy Buckthorn, Garlic Mustard, Reed Canary Grass, Dame’s Rocket, and Amur Honeysuckle. Three populations are on road right-of-ways and are potentially threatened by mowing, herbicides, road maintenance and construction. Other populations occur on the floodplains of streams and are potentially threatened by recreational use, logging and livestock grazing. One site is potentially threatened by cottage development. Crooked-stem Aster is self-incompatible, and therefore requires pollination from a genetically distinct, compatible pollen donor in order to achieve full seed set. This could limit its ability to reproduce through seeds and colonize new sites. (Updated 2017/02/27)
Crooked-stem Aster was assessed by COSEWIC as Special Concern in 2012, and as Threatened in 2002, and is listed on Schedule 1 of the Species at Risk Act. As such, it is protected on federal lands through the general prohibitions under SARA. A recovery team has been formed, but a draft recovery strategy is not yet available. In Ontario, the species is listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act, 2007. The act legally protects individuals of Crooked-stem Aster on all lands in Ontario. It is ranked globally by Nature Serve as apparently secure to secure (G4G5; last reviewed in 1988), nationally as imperiled (N2) in Canada, and as imperiled (S2) in Ontario. (Updated 2017/02/27)
PLEASE NOTE: Not all COSEWIC reports are currently available on the SARA Public Registry. Most of the reports not yet available are status reports for species assessed by COSEWIC prior to May 2002. Other COSEWIC reports not yet available may include those species assessed as Extinct, Data Deficient or Not at Risk. In the meantime, they are available on request from the COSEWIC Secretariat.
Crooked-stem Aster (Symphyotrichum prenanthoides) is a perennial wildflower up to 90 cm tall with pale blue flower heads and zigzagging stems. The leaves become narrowed in the lower third but expand at the base to clasp the stem. The species grows in colonies, with multiple stems arising from creeping rhizomes (horizontal underground stems). Each flower head consists of a yellow disc, surrounded by 17 to 30, pale blue rays. Canadian populations of Crooked-stem Aster occur in the Carolinian Forest Region at the northern limit of the species’ range. They may be genetically isolated from other populations and have unique adaptations that contribute to their significance for conservation.
Designated Special Concern in April 1999. Status re-examined and uplisted to Threatened in May 2002. May 2002 assessment based on new quantitative criteria applied to information from the existing 1999 status report.
This perennial aster is restricted in Canada to a small area of the Carolinian forest near the shore of Lake Erie in Ontario. The species has experienced historic declines, but no recent losses have been documented and overall numbers appear to be stable. Invasive plants occur at a number of sites and have the potential to negatively impact the species in the future. Additional threats include indirect impacts of Emerald Ash Borer, and roadside maintenance. The species has a restricted distribution in Canada, and its persistence will likely require ongoing monitoring and management of invasive species.
A response statement is a communications document that identifies how the Minister of the Environment intends to respond to the assessment of a wildlife species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The document provides a start to the listing and recovery process for those species identified as being at risk, and provides timelines for action to the extent possible.
His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of the Environment, acknowledges receipt, on the making of this Order, of the assessments done pursuant to subsection 23(1) of the Species at Risk Act by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) with respect to the species set out in the annexed schedule.
This Order acknowledges receipt by the Governor in Council of the assessments of the status of wildlife species done pursuant to subsection 23(1) of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The purpose of SARA is to prevent wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened as a result of human activity and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened.
Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide as species become extinct. Today’s extinction rate is estimated to be between 1 000 and 10 000 times higher than the natural rate. Biodiversity is positively related to ecosystem productivity, health and resiliency (i.e. the ability of an ecosystem to respond to changes or disturbances). Given the interdependency of species, a loss of biodiversity can lead to decreases in ecosystem function and services (e.g. natural processes such as pest control, pollination, coastal wave attenuation, temperature regulation and carbon fixing). These services are important to the health of Canadians, and also have important ties to Canada’s economy. Small changes within an ecosystem resulting in the loss of individuals and species can therefore result in adverse, irreversible and broad-ranging effects.
Schedule 1, the List of Wildlife Species at Risk of the Species at Risk Act (SARA), is amended by Order of the Governor in Council (GIC), on the recommendation of the Minister of the Environment, by the addition of 73 species. This Order is based on scientific assessments by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and follows consultations with provincial and territorial governments, Aboriginal peoples, stakeholders and the public, and analysis of costs and benefits to Canadians.
Under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA), the foremost function of COSEWIC is to “assess the status of each wildlife species considered by COSEWIC to be at risk and, as part of the assessment, identify existing and potential threats to the species”.
COSEWIC held two Wildlife Species Assessment Meetings in this reporting year (October, 2012 to September 2013) from November 25 to November 30, 2012 and from April 28 to May 3, 2013. During the current reporting period, COSEWIC assessed the status or reviewed the classification of 73 wildlife species.
The wildlife species assessment results for the 2012-2013 reporting period include the following:
Special Concern: 19
Data Deficient: 4
Not at Risk: 1
Of the 73 wildlife species examined, COSEWIC reviewed the classification of 50 species that had been previously assessed. The review of classification for 26 of those species resulted in a confirmation of the same status as the previous assessment.
The Government of Canada proclaimed the Species at Risk Act (SARA) on June 5, 2003 as part of its strategy for the protection of wildlife species at risk. Attached to the Act is Schedule 1, the list of the species that receive protection under SARA, hereinafter referred to as the 'SARA list'. Canadians are invited to comment on whether all or some of the species included in this document should be added to the SARA list.
The Government of Canada is committed to preventing the disappearance of wildlife species at risk from our lands. As part of its strategy for realizing that commitment, on June 5, 2003, the Government of Canada proclaimed the Species at Risk Act (SARA). Attached to the Act is Schedule 1, the list of the species provided for under SARA, also called the List of Wildlife Species at Risk. Endangered or Threatened species on Schedule 1 benefit from the protection of prohibitions and recovery planning under SARA. Special Concern species benefit from its management planning. Schedule 1 has grown from the original 233 to 518 wildlife species at risk.
Please submit your comments by
March 23, 2014, for terrestrial species undergoing normal consultations
October 23, 2014, for terrestrial species undergoing extended consultations.
Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Three-Year Recovery Document Posting Plan identifies the species for which recovery documents will be posted each fiscal year starting in 2014-2015. Posting this three year plan on the Species at Risk Public Registry is intended to provide transparency to partners, stakeholders, and the public about Environment and Climate Change Canada’s plan to develop and post these proposed recovery strategies and management plans. However, both the number of documents and the particular species that are posted in a given year may change slightly due to a variety of circumstances.
Last update March 31, 2017